Have you ever scattered grilled ‘Agaricus bisporus’ on your delicious Risotto? Don’t be confused I’m talking about mushrooms which has the scientific name ‘Agaricus bisporus’. From ancient Egypt to now days mushroom is used as food as well as medicines. For Egyptians it was a “plant of immortality” and they eat a mushroom dish they named ‘mykai”. The Roman’s considered it as gift of god and the Greek’s thought that it presumed strength for warriors.
Mushroom is not considered as vegetable or as meat but is it known as ‘meat of the vegetables’. Mushroom is cultivated and eaten world widely from Shanghai to New Jersey. It is also called ‘superfood’ ‘having the basic nutrients that boost your health. China produces 70% of the total production and United States holds the 2nd place. Netherlands holds the 3rd position and the production is 270 million Kilograms annually and provides above 1,000 jobs. While Mushroom hunting is also consider as the national sport of Czech Republic. There are more than 14,000 type of mushroom, and almost 3,000 are eatable. About 700 of them are used as medicine and few of them are poisonous.
Top 10 Health Benefits of Mushrooms
Mushrooms are enriched with many minerals like potassium, iron, sodium and magnesium and also have antioxidants like riboflavin, selenium and niacin. It has many extraordinary medicinal properties that are beneficial for human health. It is rich in vitamins including vitamin A, C, D, B-12, B-6. It may help you in preventing Anemia, Cancer, Diabetes, Asthma, Rheumatoid arthritis, renal failure. Different kinds of mushrooms have different kind of medicinal properties. Some of them are Portebello, White button, Shitake, Enoki, Oyster, Porcini and many more.
- Mushroom Can Prevent Cancer
A type of protein called ‘lectins’ found in mushroom strengthens your immune system which prevents the destruction of your body cells. Selenium an antioxidant found in mushroom protect your body cells from the effect of damaging caused by the free radicals. Selenium functions the liver enzymes which helps in detoxifying the cancer causing element in the body. Selenium plays a vital role in decreasing the growth rate of tumor and decreases inflammation.
Vitamin D present in mushrooms prevents the growth rate of cancer cells and regulates the growth cycle of body cells. An element called folate helps in the synthesis and repair of DNA that prevent the mutation of cancer cells in DNA. Mushroom decreases the risk of breast cancer, gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer and uterine cervix cancer.
- Mushroom – Ideal Food for Diabetics
Mushrooms have very less amount of carbohydrates, no fat and no cholesterol. It is enriched with high amount of protein, vitamin and minerals. Mushroom also have enzymes and natural insulin which plays a vital role in the breaking of starch and sugar present in food. It helps in the formation of insulin and the proper functioning throughout the body. Many diabetics usually suffer from infection especially in the limbs which almost continue for long time period. Natural antibiotics present in the mushroom helps in curing those types of infections and also help the patients to overcome with the painful conditions. High amount of natural fiber of mushroom lowers the sugar level in the blood and improve the level of lipids and insulin. That’s why it is called super food for diabetes patients.
- Mushroom Is Good For Your Heart
Regular consumption of mushroom can lower the cholesterol level in the blood. Mushroom contains a compound called ’sterol’ which helps in the production of good cholesterol in your body. Some phytonutrients found in mushrooms helps in improving blood circulation and maintains stable and normal blood pressure. Vitamin C, fiber and potassium present in mushroom can improve your cardiovascular health. Mushrooms are enriched with potassium nearly about 225 mg in a single cup. Sodium and potassium lowers the blood pressure and risk of ischemic heart disease by regulating blood pressure.
- It Can Boost Your Immune System
Mushrooms are good source of polysaccharides that support your immune system .It help your body to fight with disease – causing substances or organism. A strong antioxidant called Ergotheoneine found in mushroom, removes free radicals (harmful compounds released throughout the metabolic process) from our body. It also contains sulfur and amino acid that are super antioxidants that gives boost to the immune system. Natural antibiotics present in mushrooms obstruct the growth of microbial and fungal infections. Rich source of complex vitamins, it helps in healing of ulcerous wounds. Most used powerful antibiotics like penicillin; tetracycline and streptomycin are extracted from mushrooms.
- It Can Improve Your Brain Function
Vitamin C present in mushroom is necessary in the production of brain chemicals known as neurotransmitter. Neurotransmitter helps the brain to concentrate, focus and remember and improve your IQ. Mushroom protects the brain from age related degradation. Regular eating mushrooms can inhibit anxiety and fatigue, caused by the stress hormones released from the body. Vitamin B1, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, and many complex vitamins found in mushroom helps to boost the brain function and development. Psilocybin mushroom also called “magic mushrooms” having complex compounds psilocin and psilocybin. These compounds help the brain in rebuilding and prevent from damaging.
- It Is Good For Bone health
Mushrooms enriched with calcium and vitamin C. Calcium is an essential substance in the formation of bones while vitamin C helps the bones to absorb calcium. ‘Osteoporosis’ a disease in which bones become brittle and weak, mushroom can increase the bone density and lowers the risk of osteoporosis. It reduces the joint pains and prevents joints to lose their mobility. Mushrooms are alkaline food containing copper, zinc, selenium and vitamin D which plays a vital role in formation of new bone tissue and prevent bones from degradation.
- Inhibit the Chance of Anemia
Anemia disease is caused by the lack of hemoglobin in the blood. Mushroom contains high amount of iron and folic acid that are necessary to maintaining the hemoglobin level in the blood. It can be a super food for a person having the disease anemia. A type of anemia caused by the lack of vitamin B12 called pernicious anemia. Vitamin B12 is necessary to form red blood cells in the body; regular consumption of mushroom provides body the right amount of Vitamin B12. Anemia patients face the problem of headaches, fatigue, reduced neural function and improper digestion. The super nutrients found in mushroom help those patients to overcome with their problem, that’s why mushroom is called a “superfood”.
- Lowers the chance of Hypertension
Mushrooms have a higher level of potassium which is the important electrolyte preventing the high blood pressure. Potassium reduces the stress in the blood vessel, resulting lower chance of stroke heart attacks. Mushrooms have great advantages due to the potassium content which provides instant energy, maintain sugar level and blood pressure, prevent stokes and heart attacks. Thus, the nutrients of mushroom have a great effect in preventing hypertension and regulate blood pressure.
- Helps in Losing Weight
Our body fat is used to digest the protein present in our food. Mushrooms have high content of protein and less amount of calories comparison to the non-vegetarian source of protein. A cup of mushroom contains only 15 gm of calories and can be very helpful in losing weight. Mushrooms contains high amount of natural fibers which are key nutrients will boost the digestion of the body. Eating mushrooms instead of meat provides your body better nutrition, high amount of protein and less amount of calorie, and fibers help you to reduce your belly fat.
- Keep Your Skin Young and Glowing
Kojic acid found in mushrooms helps in the production of melanin, a natural compound that increases the rate of production of new cell in the human skin. Mushroom has its own anti aging features. Kojic acid found in mushroom is also used in beauty products like anti aging cream and lotions. It is used as remedy of uneven tone of skin, age spots and acne.
Many skin problems occurs due to the inflammation and irregular radical activity in the body. Mushroom decreases inflammation and repairs our skin cells, thus in instead of some beauty products containing toxic chemicals we should prefer mushrooms for our glowing skin. Mushroom is used to make some skin products to aid some skin diseases like eczema, acne and rosacea
Mushrooms have great advantages, although some of them are really very poisonous. Mushroom absorbs the material quality in which it is growing and sometime this can be very dangerous if that material is toxic in nature. Before picking the mushrooms you should check the quality of mushroom. If you don’t know much about mushrooms doesn’t pick it from the wild. Mushrooms have the ability to absorb water and air pollutants too, so be careful before bringing it to your kitchen table.
With few disadvantages mushroom can be your superfood that will give you extraordinary nutrition and protect you from many diseases and fearsome conditions. Enjoy the dishes of your mushroom, ‘the meat of vegetables’ and keep good health by your side.